A JOURNEY BY BUS
A journey is always pleasant to me. Whenever I get an opportunity, I visit different places. I am very fond of travelling by bus. Last month I made a journey by bus which was very enjoyable .
It was the month of December. My annual examination was over and I got a vacation. My parents decided to pay a visit to my uncle’s home at Kushtia. I was very glad to hear the news. We went there by bus.
On the fixed day, we started for Kushtia. We reached Gabtoli bus terminal early in the morning. Father bought the tickets the day before. We got on the bus and an attendant helped us to find our seats. I got my seat beside the window. Our bus started at 8.30 am.
It was a sunny day. The sky was clear. At first the bus was moving slowly. Then it began running at a high speed. When we left the din and bustle of the city behind, the green Bangla welcomed us with all its beauty. I enjoyed beautiful green fields, orchards, and trees on the both sides of the highway.
We were passing Jahangirnagar University. I looked outside and found the university campus full of green trees and beautiful scenery. The bus was moving ahead leaving behind the trees, houses, paddy fields on the both sides of the road. It seemed to me that things like trees, houses were running behind. After two hours, we reached Paturia Ferry ghat. We had to cross the river ‘Padma’ by ferry. Our bus waited sometime for ferry and then got on it. The ferry started to move. I got down from the bus and went to the top of the ferry. From there I looked at the mighty Padma. There was water around us. I was thrilled. There were some hawkers selling various things like fruits, tobacco, muri, chanachur and other things on the ferry. It took half an hour to cross the river. I got on the bus again. The bus started to run again. We reached Goalondo after a few minutes. Then our bus took a turn and we entered Rajbari District within an hour. There our bus stopped for a tea-break for 20 minutes. We took some snacks there. Then the bus started its journey again. We crossed the town and our bus was running along the road through villages. I saw many huts, houses, canals, orchards, green fields on the way. Really it was a charming scenery. Our bus reached Kushtia at 1pm. My uncle came to the bus stand to receive us. We got down and went to our uncle’s home. Thus the journey came to an end. I enjoyed it very much.
A JOURNEY BY BOAT
A journey by boat is comfortable and peaceful. Bangladesh is a riverine country. During the rainy season most of the areas of the country go under water. So people have to go from one place to another by boat. It is an enjoyable journey.
Last winter I got an opportunity to enjoy such a journey. It was the month of December. After annual examination I thought of going to my uncle’s house at Mirjapur in Netrokona. Some of my friends agreed. We were five in number. We hired a boat. There were two young and active boatmen.
The boat started from our ghat at 2 pm. A gentle breeze was blowing. It was a nice afternoon. The sky was clear. The boatmen pulled oar for sometimes. Then they set sail. We were lucky enough to see this setting sail. The wind was in our favour. So, the boat was passing easily. When the boat reached the Brahmaputra river, the riverine Bangla welcomed us with all its beauty.
There were water everywhere. We were enjoying the natural beauty of our motherland. Different kinds of boats were moving carrying men and goods. It reminded us of the trade and commerce of our glorious past through waterways. Really, it is beyond description. The paddy fields on both the sides of the river looked green. Children were swimming in the river. Women were carrying water with various types of beautiful pitchers. Some fishermen were catching fish. Farmers were reaping corns and singing songs.
In the afternoon the boat reached a market. We halted there and purchased (wKbjvg) something to eat. The boat started again. It was about sunset. My heart was filled with joy to see the setting sun . The beauty of the golden sunset on the calm water of the river made a pleasant sight. The moon rose with her pale silvery beams. The river presented a beautiful scene. It was now seven o’clock in the evening. We reached the destination. Some of my cousins were waiting for us. They received us cordially. It was a pleasant experience to us. It will remain evergreen in my heart.
A JOURNEY BY TRAIN
A journey by train is always enjoyable to me. This journey is undoubtedly a delightful as well as an exciting one.
It was the month of April. I made a Journey by train. My school was closed for summer vacation. I along with my parents, brother and sister went to visit one of our relatives. This journey was from Jessore to Chuadanga. My father bought tickets the day before.
On that appointed day we reached the Jessore Railway Station at 9.00 am. I saw the station. It was very crowded. There were a number people moving and sitting on the platform. There were also coolies and noises of hawkers at the station. When the train came, we got into a compartment. Fortunately, I found my seat beside a window. After sometime, the train started moving.
I was feeling excited. I looked inside the compartment and noticed that some of the passengers were dozing, some were reading newspapers and some were gossiping. As the train came out of Jessore City, green field welcomed us with all its beauty. The train was moving ahead through the green fields on both the sides. I became very glad to see that.
The train was running at a full speed through green paddy fields. There were jute and soyabean plants here and there. They were tossing their heads in the breeze.
The train was running at a full speed. The train was an intercity train. It did not stop at any stations. We had crossed many big and small stations. After sometime, some waiters came to us with some snacks. We had taken some of them. Hawkers come up to us with their good for sale. I looked out the window and enjoyed the different scenes of my motherland.
At about 11.30 am we reached our destination. We got down from the train. My uncle received us at the station. The journey was safe and sound as well as pleasing. I enjoyed it very much. It was one of the most memorable days in my life.
SEASONS IN BANGLADESH
The word ‘season’ means of period of time when a particular kind of climate prevails. Bangladesh enjoys six seasons in a year the summer, the rainy season, the autumn, the late-autumn, the winter and the spring. Usually two Bengali months make a season. Each season presents us its own features. We hear new sounds and enjoy new scenes in each season.
Summer is the hottest season in Bangladesh. Summer is the season of scorching heat, thirst and dust. Most water bodies dry up . Cyclones and storms often visit in this season. Despite these , many kinds of fruits such as, mangoes, lichis, jack-fruits, etc. in this season.
After the scorching heat of summer, the rainy season comes as a welcome relief Ashar and Shraban make the rainy season. The constant rainfall removes the excessive heat and brings people comfort. But this season is also a curse to us. The canals, ponds and rivers become full to the brim. Sometimes it causes flood. The farmers remain busy harvesting jute in this season. It is a season of peace and plenty.
The white sails of clouds in the sky indicates the advent of autumn. Bhadra and Ashwin make this season. The sky remains clear most of the time in this season.
With the smiling face of the farmers, the late autumn comes just after the autumn. It is the season of harvesting. The farmers remain busy harvesting paddy. Kartik and Agrahayan are the months of this season.
The falling of the leaves of trees indicates the advent of winter. Life seems to be dull and dismal with fog, mist and chill in this season. The sunshine is very delightful in this season. This is the season of various kinds of vegetables and country-cakes. Poush and Magh make this season.
After the shivering cold the spring peeps with the sweet songs of the cuckoo. It decorates the leafless trees with the new dress of green leaves. The whole nature laughs and looks fresh and lively. Various kinds of flowers, green leaves and sweet breeze make this season attractive. Falgun and Chaitra are the months of this season.
Seasons come and go, sights and scenes change in every season. We enjoy varieties of nature throughout the year.
SUMMER IN BANGLADESH
Bangladesh is a land of six seasons. Summer is the first of them. It comprises the Bengali months of Baishakh and Jaishtha. Every season has its own features. Summer has also its own features.
The year begins with the summer season. The weather remains very hot and humid in the summer season. The sun shines continuously and the heat becomes unbearable . People suffer a lot due to excessive heat. In the village, people sit down under big trees to feel comfort. The children swim in the rivers and ponds to get relief from the unbearable heat. The city dwellers use electric fans and air conditioners to be cool. People who do not have electric facilities use hand-made fans to be cool.
The summer is the dry season. There is a little rain in this season. The roads and fields are full of dusts. The rivers, canals and ponds dry up. There is a shortage of water supply in this season.
The summer is also a season of natural calamities . Cyclones, floods and droughts often visit in this season. They cause great damage to the lives and properties.
Though the summer brings some troubles, it is a blessing for us. It is the season of fruits. A plenty of fruits are available in this season. Mangoes, jackfruits, lichis, blackberries and some other fruits are abundant in this season. These fruits are tasty and nutritious. We can take them with our heart’s content. Married women living in towns and cities go to their parents’ homes to enjoy holidays and have a treat of fruits in this season.
WINTER IN BANGLADESH
Bangladesh is blessed with plenty of diversity. Every season presents us its own distinct features. The winter is one of the six seasons in Bangladesh. It comes with fog, mist and shivering cold. It comes after autumn and comprises the months of Poush and Magh.
The falling of leaves of the trees heralds the advent of winter. In winter days are shorter than nights. They seem to be lifeless. The sun rises late, leaves of many trees dry up and fall. Nature looks very dull and dismal in this season. There is heavy fog everywhere. Things at a distance can hardly be seen. People shiver in cold. They put on warm clothes to protect themselves from cold. Some people often gather straw or dried leaves and make fire to warm themselves. Domestic and other animals also come out late of their sheds in the winter morning.
The sunshine is very delightful in this season. It makes everybody happy. Some people bask in the sun to warm themselves. When the sun starts to peep through the dense fog, dewdrops on the grass look like pearls. People go to their daily work late.
The winter is the season of abundance. Various kinds of vegetables and fishes are available in this season. Besides, various country-cakes and date-juice are also available in winter. The air in the village’s remains filled with the sweet smell of mastered flowers.
The winter is the season of games and sports. Different outdoor games such as cricket, volleyball, tennis, etc. are played throughout the country in this season. Besides, this season offers an atmosphere of travelling. People can travel from one places to another comfortably in this season. Many people go to enjoy picnic. In fact, this season is enjoyable to most of the people.
The winter has some other demerits. Cold wind blows and sometimes chilly weather remains for days. People shiver in cold. Life becomes impossible. The poor suffer much for want of warm clothes. Various kinds of diseases also break out (cÖv`yf©ve N‡U) in an epidemic form in this season.
Inspite of some demerits, winter is very entertaining season. Life becomes easy. The heat of the sun does not seem scorching and wind blows gently. During this season the country seams to be clear and more bright. After all, this season is enjoyable to all.
THE RAINY SEASON
There are six seasons in our country. The rainy season is one of them. It comprises the Bengali months of Ashar and Shraban. This season comes after the summer.
During the rainy season, the sky remains covered with cloud. The sun remains hidden behind the clouds. The rainfall comes accompanied by roars of thunder and flashes of lightning. Sometimes, it rains continuously for several days. Rivers, canals and ponds are full to the brim. The low-lying areas go under water. Life becomes slow due to incessant rain.
The rainy season often causes sufferings to us. The roads become muddy and slippery. People face difficulties to move. They have to use umbrella to go out. Sometimes, they cannot go out for days due to heavy rainfall. The poor people cannot go to work and earn their livelihood. Excessive rain causes flood. Flood brings miseries to the people. Flood damages our crops and washes away our cattles and houses. Flood hampers the communication system. People move from one place to another by boat. The price of daily necessaries go up. Various diseases like cholera, diarrhoea and dysentery break out in an epidemic form. The sufferings of people know no bounds.
The rainy season helps us in many ways. Bangladesh is an agricultural country. Our agriculture depends on the mercy of nature. The farmers eagerly wait for the rain to sow seeds and crops. After heavy rainfall, the earth becomes soft and the farmers can easily plough their land. Some crops cannot be grown without sufficient water. Rain water makes our land fertile and suitable to grow more crops. It brings joy for the farmers. Besides, it washes away the waste and filth and keeps our environment clean. It also reduces the high temperature and gives people relief from hot weather.
Despite all the demerits, the rainy season is the most important season in our country. Our agriculture and economy wholly depend on this season. In this season, we get abundant of fish. Besides, we can use our waterways largely in this season. The flood brings huge alluvial and fertilize our land. So this season is always welcome to the common people.
THE SEASON I LIKE MOST/THE SPRING
Season means one of the principal divisions of the year. It is a period of time when a particular climate prevails. The earth revolves round the sun once a year. This annual motion causes the change of seasons. Bangladesh is blessed with six seasons in a year. Every season presents us its own features. Among all the seasons, I like the spring most. The spring is the loveliest of all the seasons. It comprises the Bengali month of Falgun and Chaitra. The spring comes with all its beauty.
I have several reasons to choose the spring. In comparison to other seasons, the spring is comfortable and beautiful. All seasons are important in their own way. Summer is the season of extreme heat and thirst. It is the hottest seasons of the year. Land becomes barren. The ponds and canals dry up. Many kinds of fruits are available then. The rainy season is the season of frequent and heavy rains often causing floods which bring miseries to the people. The autumn is foggy and misty. The winter is dry and nature becomes gloomy, foggy and chilly. It is lifeless. On the other hand, the spring comes with its moderate and comfortable features.
The spring comes with the sweet songs of the cuckoo. Birds sing everywhere. The whole nature wears a festive look. So, I like the spring most.
The spring adorns the leafless trees with the new dress of green leaves. The whole nature laughs and looks fresh and lively. It is neither too hot nor too cold. So, people feel comfortable and can work longer. Various kinds of flowers bloom in this season. Sweet smells spread all around. Bees are busy in collecting honey from flower to flower. Butterflies and grasshoppers fly here and there with their colourful wings.
Nature looks colourful and attractive in this season. The southern wind blows and refreshes us. Many vegetables and fruits are available in this season. It is a season of harvesting crops. The farmers reap their crops and sow new seeds. The spring is also a season for joy. Village fairs and other folk programmes are held in this season.
The spring is the season of beauty. It cheers our mind and health. The spring has a special attraction to the poets. After the lifeless winter, the spring breathes a new life into the nature. People spring up with the advent of spring.
MY VISIT TO A PLACE OF HISTORICAL INTEREST
Bangladesh is a small country but it has many historical places. I visited only some of these eye-catching places. Mahasthangarh is one of the famous historical places in Bangladesh. Last year I got an opportunity to visit Mahasthangarh in Bogra. It is wellknown for a famous Buddhist monastery.
It stands on the western bank of the Korotoa. It is a few kilometers away from Bogra town. When we reached Mahasthangarh, a glorious part of our past civilization opened up before our eyes. This place was known as Pundranagar. Pundranagar was the capital of the Mouryas, Guptas, Senas and other Hindu dynasties. It was a very developed city. It was about 2000 metres long and 1500 metres wide. This city was fenced around by a wall. We entered into the monastery and saw some elevated places that soothed our eyes. I was impressed to see the natural sights. These elevated places are known as ‘Vitas’, ‘Kundas’, ‘Gous’ and ‘Dhaps’.
After that we visited the ghat of Kankabati near the elevated places and then the mazar of Shah Sultan Balkhi Mahi Sawar. This impressed me about the religious harmony of our past civilization. Then we went to the museum at Mahasthangarh. The relics of the past have been kept in the museum. We saw some images, dice, ornaments and pots there. These relics reminded us of our rich old history. I became astonished to learn about our rich culture and heritage.
Visiting a historical place is pleasing and educative as well. It was a great pleasure for me to visit such a famous historical place. It was a new experience in my life. I will remember the day as long as I live.
The best way to go to Mahasthangarh is by road from Dhaka. It usually takes about 5 hours to get there.
The name of our school is Pogose High School. It is situated in the heart of old Dhaka founded by Mr. N. P. Pogose, an Armenian in 1848. It is a big and renowned school of the country.
Our school is housed in a nice two-storeyed building. There are thirty classrooms in our school. They are neat and clean and well-ventilated. There are also the Headmaster’s room, the teachers’ room, the common room, the science laboratory and a big auditorium in our school.
Each class is held in a separate room. Every classroom is well-furnished with desks for the students and a chair and a table for the teacher. There are also blackboards and maps in the classrooms.
Our school sits in two shifts namely, morning shift and day shift. There are about one thousand students in our school. They are well behaved and obedient. There are thirty five teachers in our school. They are qualified. They teach us with great care and affection. They are truly our guide and friend. They take special care for the weak students. Our Headmaster is an M.A. B.Ed. He is a nice man. He is very strict but friendly. He has a loving corner in his heart for the students.
There is a big library in our school. It is enriched with different kinds of useful books. We borrow books from here. Our librarian is a trained man. He manages the library very sincerely. We publish a magazine once a year.
There are two playgrounds in our school. We play there in the afternoon. We generally play football and volleyball in summer. In winter we play cricket and badminton.
The results of the JSC and SSC examination of our school are quite satisfactory. It is one of the best schools in Bangladesh. I am proud of being a student of this school.
Human life is divided into some periods. The period which is spent in educational institutions to receive education is called student life. It is the seed time of human life. It is a period of preparation for a real life.
The main object of a student is to devote to his study. All his learning should aim at cultivating good qualities. Proper use of time is the key to success. Waste of his time and energy is very much harmful. The success and happiness of a student largely depend on it.
A student should take part in co-curricular activities. He has to take part in different kinds of games and sports. This will make him healthy and fit for work. Besides, he must read different kinds of books, newspapers, magazines, etc to enrich himself.
A student should take part in social service during his leisure time. He has to stand by the distressed and the sufferers during natural calamities like flood, cyclone, drought, etc. He can play a role to remove illiteracy. He must be well disciplined and good natured. He must show respect to his superiors.
A student of today is the future leader. So he must work hard to make himself a dignified person in the family, society and country. Above all, he must be very active, dutiful and sincere to his studies.
DUTIES OF A STUDENT
A student has some duties to himself and to others. As a student life is the golden period of a man’s life, it is the period of preparations for a real life. His duty is preparation for future struggle.
Every student has to remember that his main duty is to study. He should be attentive to classes. He must learn his lessons regularly. He must not waste his time and energy. His duty is to use his time properly. A student should take part in co-curricular activities. He has to take part in different kinds of games and sports. He must read different kinds of books, newspapers, magazines etc. to enrich himself.
A student must get-up from bed early in the morning. He can take some physical exercise in open air. A student must take care of his health.
He can play a role to remove illiteracy. He must be well disciplined and good natured. He must show respect to his superiors.
A student should also engaged himself in raising awareness among people on various issues. He can motivate the village people about health and sanitation, family planning, etc.
A student can contribute in social activities during cyclones, floods, droughts (Liv) and other natural calamities. He can help the affected people with relief goods, medicines etc. He can also serve the sick and old people.
A student is the maker of the society in a sense. He is the future leader of the country. So he must work hard to make himself a dignified person in the family, society and country.
MY DAILY LIFE
Daily life means how we spend our time in our day-to-day life. We pass our days doing different things. To make our life meaningful, we have to follow a routine in our everyday life. So I try to follow a routine in order to reach my goal.
My day starts early in the morning. Then I wash myself and say morning prayer. After that the morning begins with a cup of tea. Then I go out for a walk in the open air for twenty minutes. After coming back home, I have my breakfast and then sit down to study for two hours. After that I take a shower and meal. After taking meal I brush my teeth and get ready for school.
My school begins at 11 am. I attend my classes regularly. During tiffin time I say my Zohar prayer and then have some light snacks. Then I go to the common room and enjoy some indoor games such as chess, table-tennis, etc with my friends. After that I attend my class again.
My school finishes at 4 pm. Then I come back home, wash myself and take some rest. After that I take some tiffin and go to field to play with my friends. I love football but table-tennis is my favorite game.
I come back home from field at sunset. Then I say my evening prayer and then go to my study at 7.30 pm. I study there about two hours. Then I have my supper with my family members and enjoy TV programmes. Sometimes I enjoy T.V. programmes in the midst of my study. This does not hamper my studies at all. I go to bed at 11 pm. And before going to bed I brush my teeth carefully.
I follow this routine everyday. But it’s different on holidays and vacations. On holidays I visit my friends and relatives. Besides, I enjoy films and stage-dramas with my families. Sometimes, I visit different places with my family.
My daily routine does not make me monotonous. Rather it inspires me to do all these activities. I think this will greatly help me to achieve my goal.
MY AIM IN LIFE
An aimless man is like a ship without a rudder. In the same way a man cannot reach his goal without an aim. So everyman should have a definite aim.
I have also an aim in life. My aim in life is to be a teacher. After considering all the professions and occupations, I have decided to become a teacher. My parents and teachers have given their consent to my choice. I want to give light of education to the people. So that they can work for the betterment of this nation.
There are many reasons for choosing the profession of a teacher. Everybody knows that teaching is an honourable profession. Secondly, it is an honest career. It is a great profession through which I can give the light of education. It is also a profession of spreading power because knowledge is power. No nation can progress in life without education.
Ignorance is a curse for the society. And it is only the teacher who can remove this curse. So I have decided to serve the ignorant people of our country.
To fill up my aim in life I should be graduate first. Then I have to take training on teaching. In this way I will be able to be a teacher. I will convey knowledge to the illiterate people of our country through teachership.
The villagers of our country are largely deprived of education. Most of the students of our village are not able to get proper education. Their parents are not so much educated. They cannot give their children proper guide line. So as a teacher I want to serve the society. I wish one day I will become successful.
A teacher is called the anchor of a nation. A teacher nourishes the latent talents of the students and tries to make them a A-one useful citizens of the country. As a teacher I want to contribute to this nation building process.
MY FAVORITE HOBBY
Hobby means a strong interest in something. It gives us both pleasure and refreshment. Without a hobby a man cannot enjoy his leisure. Hobby is the prerequisite for a sound mind and a sound health. So it is necessary to enjoy life.
Different persons have different taste and choice. It varies from person to person. There are various kinds of hobbies like collecting postal stamps, coin collection, fishing, reading, listening to music, autograph collection, travelling and gardening, playing on musical instruments, watching TV, photography and so on.
I have also some hobbies of my own. They are travelling, reading books and listening to music. But I must mention that my favorite hobby is gardening.
I have a garden. There is a fence around my garden and so the cattle, hens, ducks, goats or naughty children cannot do any harm to the plants. I have cultivated different kinds of plants and flowers in my garden. They are the rose, the beli, the china rose, the rojonigandha and the bokul.
Everyday I visit my garden. In the morning I weed out the grass and water the plants. On holiday many people come to visit my garden.
I also grow various kinds of vegetables in one corner of my garden. The garden also looks very charming.
My hobby gives me a great source of joy and pleasure. It relieves me from my routine bored work. It helps me forget sorrows and sufferings. It makes my body strong and mind jolly.
Hobby should be taken only for enjoyment. Because excess interest in hobby hampers our main task. Hobby gives us extra energy in performing our main task successfully. So everyone should have a hobby.
THE PERSON I ADMIRE MOST
I like many people. I admire a lot of them. But, the person whom I admire most is my mother. Her name is Rokeya Rahman. She is a woman of great heart. She has endured a lot of troubles to bring up me. She comes of a respectable family.
My mother is tolerant and sympathetic by nature. I was very naughty in my childhood. I often made troubles to my mother. I was indifferent to take food. My mother did not feel disturbed (wei³) any time. She fed me with great care. If I fell ill, she nursed me with loving care. When I came round, her joys knew no bounds.
My mother is an honours graduate. She is a teacher in a government school. She is dedicated to her profession. She tries to make her students understand the lessons easily. She also helps them after class hours.
My mother looks after our family very sincerely. She manages all the household activities with the help of a helping-hand. She is aware of the health of our family members. She serves us such items of food which are necessary for our good health.
My mother is well mannered and sociable. She keeps good relation with the neighbours. Though she remains busy most of the time, she spends some time in social activities (mgvRKg©). She tries to improve the social status of the distressed women. She tries to make them conscious about their rights.
My mother is co-operative and friendly with all. She is my best friend. There is none in this world like my mother. She is really an ideal mother. I like to thank Allah to be a child of such a mother.
THE TEACHER I LIKE MOST
Teachers are like our guardians. I respect all my teachers whom I have come across. I am grateful to all of them. Among all my teachers our English teacher Mr. Shahed Ahmed is my favorite teacher. I am very fond of him.
My favorite teacher is a brilliant scholar with an excellent academic career. He is an M.A in English. He is also an M.Ed. He is experienced and well-trained. He possesses some special qualities. He holds the attention and interest of the students. He has a clear, strong and pleasing voice. He makes lessons interesting to the students. He makes the students spellbound in the class.
My favorite teacher is well-mannered and very gentle. He possesses a strong personality (e¨w³Z¡). He is always punctual. He is never late in the class.
My teacher is a man of great qualities. He is honest, dutiful and kind. He is very free and frank. He behaves friendly with the students. Every student has access to him. His method of teaching is unique. He can make any difficult lesson easy to the students.
My favorite teacher can discover the potentialities of his students. He persuades us to complete the lesson in the class. If any student does not understand any topic, he helps them to understand properly. He never feels annoyed with them. He helps the students even after class hours. He inspires us to take part in extra-curricular activities. When we arrange cultural or any programmers, we seek his advice. He is not a self-centered man. He is very popular with the students. He is also popular with other teachers.
My favorite teacher is very affectionate to us. He helps the poor students according to his ability. He loves his students. But he never allows any irregularity and improper acts.
My favorite teacher is a noble and kind person. His impressive personality, art of teaching, responsibility and other qualities have made me one of his admirers. Being a student of such a teacher, I feel proud.
A VILLAGE FAIR
A village fair is a common affair in rural areas of Bangladesh. It is held in almost all the villages. The village people eagerly wait for this occasion. It is held for a day or sometimes for a week. A large number of people come to the fair to buy or sell goods and enjoy shows and entertainments. A village fair is a great attraction to the villagers.
A village fair is generally held in an open place. It sits under a banyan tree or on the bank of a river or on the yard of a temple. It is usually held on the occasion of Pahela Baishakh or Durga Puja, Chaitra Sankranti or Muharram or some other religious events. Usually a fair is arranged once in a year.
A village fair is a gathering place for the people of all ages. It serves as a kind of exhibition of village products. Home-made products are displayed and sold in the fair. The potters, carpenters, blacksmiths and weavers display and sell their products in a village fair. Toys, sweets, balloons and cosmetics, combs, clothes, jewelry are the main attractions for the children and women. Earthen ware and handicrafts of wood, bamboo and cane have special attractions too.
A village fair is a great source of joy for the village people. Some special arrangements such as jatra, jarigan, merry-go-round, magic show, puppet show and circus are arranged to give entertainment to the villagers. People of all ages visit the fair. The fair wears a festive look. It is also a meeting place of the common people.
A village fair has also some disadvantages. Some people remain engaged in gambling. They allure the innocent people and make them moneyless. Sometimes pick-pockets and criminals gather in the fair and commit various kinds of evil deeds. Besides, a village fair also creates unhealthy atmosphere.
A village fair is an interesting event to the villagers. It removes their boredom of hard labour and brings joy to the villagers. A village fair not only entertains people but also gives them opportunity to come closer to each other. It is a means of recreation for the villagers.
A VILLAGE MARKET
A village market is a place where village people meet to sell and buy their daily necessaries. It is the main centre of all types of commercial activities of the village. It generally sits on the bank of a river or under a large tree or in an open field. Some village markets sit every morning and break up before noon. Some others sit at noon and break up late in the evening.
A village market is usually divided into three sections open space, temporary sheds and permanent sheds. Most of the goods are sold and bought in the open place.
Rice, flour, vegetables, oil, fish, milk, pepper, spices, etc. are sold in the temporary shops. Clothes, groceries, stationary products are sold in the permanent shop. In a large village market paddy, jute, crops and domestic animals are available.
Haggling is a common affair in a village market. The villagers who come to buy things try to get them in a cheaper rate. The shopkeepers also try to get more profits. This makes a village market very noisy place.
A village market is a meeting place for the villagers. The tea-shops play a great role in this respect. They serve as recreational centres. People of all avenues of life visit the market and meet their friends and relatives in these tea-shops. They exchange their ideas and views.
A village market renders a great service to the village people. It serves as the central point of trade and commerce in the rural areas.
A VILLAGE DOCTOR
A village doctor is a very familiar figure in rural areas in our country. He may be a qualified doctor or a quack. He renders a great service to the village people when they become ill. So a village doctor is an important person to the village people.
Generally a village doctor is not well qualified. He gathers experience by working with a qualified doctor or by obtaining an LMAF certificate from a Paramedical Institute. So he starts his business with a lot of practical experience.
A village doctor sets up his dispensary in his house or in a market place. It is a small establishment with a few almirahs with cheap medicines of everyday use. Generally he sits in the morning and in the evening to visit patients. Patients come to his dispensary and he examines them and gives them prescriptions. He takes little fees from the patients. Sometimes, he visits the patients on call. He spends hours beside the sickbed if the patient is seriously ill. He tries his best to treat the patient well. He takes great care of them. Sometimes, he prescribes the poor patients without taking any fees. He remains busy all day long. He earns popularity by means of his politeness and friendly attitude.
A village doctor is not well-off. He cannot enrich his dispensary with all necessary medicines. He supplies only cheap medicines. Sometimes he prescribes wrong medicine to the patient which may lead the patients to death.
A village doctor is the companion of the village people in their joys and sorrows. He is always ready to visit his patients. Even at midnight, he has to go to the patient’s house. He never feels disturbed to do so. He is the most trusted person to the village people in absence of a qualified doctor.
A village doctor does a noble profession. Though he is less qualified, he renders great service to the society. So a village doctor is an useful person to the village people.
A news paper is a kind of paper which contains news and views on different matters and subjects. It tells us what happens at home and around the world. It provides us with the important news. It has become a part and parcel of our modern life.
It is said that newspaper was first published in China and then in England in 18th century. The first newspaper in the Indian sub-continent was the Indian Gazette published in 1774. The Samachar Darpan was the first Bengali Newspaper. It was published by the Christian Missionaries of Sreerampur.
Different kinds of newspapers are available in the market. They are called dailies, weeklies, fortnight, monthlies and periodicals. The dailies contain the news of daily affairs of home and abroad.
They provide the current news and views of the day. The periodicals contain articles, poems, essays and comments on important affairs.
The newspaper is very useful to us. It is called the storehouse of knowledge. It gives us news on national and international affairs. It keeps us informed of the latest discoveries. It can form the public opinion. The government and the general people can express their views to the people through newspaper. It is the best medium of advertisement for the traders. It gives us the news of politics, economics, culture, literature, games and sports of the whole world. People of all classes feel the necessity of newspaper. Reading newspaper increases (e„w× Kiv) our general knowledge. People can learn about the progress of science, literature and arts and rights and duties through newspapers.
There are many English and Bengali dailies in our country. The most read dailies are the Ittefaq, The Prothom Alo, The Jugantor, The Samocal, The Daily Star, etc.
Sometimes newspapers publish false and partial news. It can create chaos among people. Despite this limitation, newspaper has become an important medium of communication. So newspapers should not publish such news that may misguide the nation.
VALUE OF TIME
The value of time is endless which cannot be measured. The success in our life depends on the proper utilization of time. Truely this proper utilization of time is called the value of time.
Human life is short; so within this short span of time we have to do a huge amount of work. If we lose time, it can never be gained. Our success and failure in life totally depend on the proper use of time. If we lose time, it can never be gained. So everybody should use his time properly.
Misuse of time is a great crime. It makes life barren like a desert. If anyone makes proper use of his time, success is bound to come at his doorstep.
The most valuable time of our life is the student life. The value of time to a student is not measurable. So every student should make a division of his time and do his duties accordingly. Then their efforts will be crowned with success. They would be able to march in life and reach the cherished goal of their life.
Wasting of time means the wasting of our life. Nobody should waste any moment idly. Because success depends on the best use of time. If we do not make the right use of our time, we cannot succeed in life. Rather, we will have to drag a miserable condition in our life.
No great work can be done without a strong sense of time. If anyone becomes forgetful of time, it is sure that they will fail to succeed. Life is nothing but a sum total of some moments. If we lose a single moment in our life, we will suffer in the long run. So we should do everything at the right time.
We should not waste our time. Those who have become great in their life have made the proper use of time. Value of time ennobles a person and gives him fame. As we are the best creation of Allah, we should make the proper use of our time.
OBEDIENCE TO PARENTS
Obedience to parents means to obey the orders of our parents. Our parents deserve the highest of regards from us in the world. We have seen the light of the world through our parents. When we were born, we were in a helpless condition. We could not have lived if they had not taken care of us in our infancy. They took care of us when we were children. They watch over us when we are ill and do their best to keep us well and happy. For us they work from morning to night. So it is the duty of every person to obey his parents.
Our parents wish us all the best. They sacrifice their comforts and pleasures for us. So it is a must that we should honour and respect our parents.
We should try to please them in all possible ways. It is our solemn duty to support them in their old age. God is pleased with him who loves and honours his parents. “Heaven lies under the feet of the mother”, says the holy Quran. According to Hindu scripture if the parents are pleased, all the gods and goddesses are pleased.
Lives of great men tell us that they were good sons above everything. Hazrat Bayezid Bostami, Hazrat Abdul Quader Zilani, Pandit Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar were the best examples of this sort of obedience.
So if we want to prosper in life, we should love and obey our parents and have our trust in them.
Discipline means obedience to some rules and regulations. The word “Discipline” derives from the Latin word “discipulus” which means a disciple. So discipline is obedience to the rules formed for the regulation of human conduct.
It is a kind of virtue which makes our life successful. It has a great importance in every phases of life. It teaches us obedience to rules forever.
Every thing in this world from the heaven to the earth discipline reigns supreme. We live in society. So we have to abide by social rules for the betterment of the society. The peace, progress, prosperity of a family lies in the obedience to discipline.
In schools, colleges and universities discipline is taught to the student. Students have to follow certain rules of behavior while reading or playing. Lack of discipline among the students disturbs the work of an institution and hampers its progress.
Discipline is strictly maintained by soldiers. It is the part and parcel in the army. For the discipline our soldiers are ready to sacrifice their lives.
Discipline is a must in sports and games. A sportsman must obey the rules of games. A player has to obey the decision of the referee and the captain of the game.
In every home there is a sort of government. All the members of the house obey the rules of the family. A disciplined family leads a happy life.
Discipline is also noticed in human body. The various organs of the body co-operate with one another for the sake of discipline.
Discipline is also found in our religious life also. Every religion follows some certain rules of discipline.
In any organization social, political, religious, economic and educational discipline is essential for its growth and development.
Discipline is badly needed in man’s life. Life without discipline is priceless, uncivilized, full of chaos and anarchy. Finally we can say that life without discipline is nothing but a ship without a rudder. So we all should maintain discipline in all spheres of life.
Physical exercise means the regular movement of different parts of the body. It has a great importance to us. It keeps our body sound and strong. We cannot think of good health without taking physical exercise.
There are various forms of physical exercise. Walking, running, swimming, racing, riding and other games and sports are good forms of exercise. Different kinds of exercise are suitable for different people. Walking is the best exercise for all kinds of people. Swimming and other games are suitable for young and strong people.
To keep good health, physical exercise is necessary for all. The Greek saying goes— “Build up your body if you want to build up your mind.” If the body is sound, the mind remains sound. Without a sound health, one cannot possess sound mind. To preserve sound health, it is necessary to take physical exercise regularly. Physical exercise increases our strength and stamina
to work more. It keeps us free from various diseases. Walking in the morning fresh air refreshes our mind and body. Swimming in the water strengthens our limbs. Other exercises also make different parts of our body strong. It helps to improve our digestion. It makes people energetic and helps to live a long life. Sound health is essential to live well. No one will have sound health without taking physical exercise. Regular exercise removes our monotony and works as a recreation. It makes our body and mind fit for work.
Good health is the precondition of success. And physical exercise is essential to preserve good health. Those who do not take physical exercise cannot enjoy healthy life. They suffer from various diseases. They find no interest in life. So, all should take physical exercise to make life healthy and enjoyable. Games and sports build up our body and teach us patience (ˆah©¨), punctuality, dutifulness and other virtues. Excessive practice of physical exercise is bad. It causes harm to our body. It may cause serious injury. So, we should be conscious of it.
Physical exercise is beneficial to us. The students should take regular physical exercise. It will help them to be healthy and attentive to their studies. All of us should take physical exercise to lead a healthy and happy life.
CRICKET / MY FAVORITE GAME
There are different kinds of games and sports in the world. Cricket is one of the popular games. It is my favorite game.
The field of cricket is circular. There is a pitch in the middle of the field. The part of the pitch where a batsman stands to play is called crease.
The cricket is a bat-and-ball game between two teams of eleven players in each. Two batsmen stand at the two ends of the pitch. One player of opposite team bowls six balls at a time. This is called an over. Two umpires conduct the match. Sometimes third umpire is needed to give the right decision.
Cricket is of three kinds one day cricket, test cricket and T-20 cricket. It is also divided into two parts: bowling and batting.
Cricket is a very polite and disciplined game. There is no scope of violence in this game. So I like this game most. Moreover, in it there are much fewer chances of colliding with another player. Though this game is costly and time-consuming, its popularity is increasing day by day.
Games and sports are inseparable part in our life. Everybody has a favorite game. So have I and it is cricket.
Tea is the most popular drink in the present world. It removes our fatigue, refreshes our mind and gives us energy. Tea has become a part and parcel of our daily food habits.
The first tea-growing country is China. Tea also grows in Japan, Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka and many other parts of the world. Bangladesh is one of the largest tea-producing countries. She earns a lot of foreign exchange by exporting tea. It has become a cash-crop in our country.
Tea plants grow in the slope of hills. To grow tea-plants excessive rain water is needed. Hill tracts are chosen to grow tea-plants because rain water does not stand there for long time. In our country tea-gardens are found in Sylhet and Chittagong hill tracts. Nowadays tea is also grown in the north region of the country.
A tea-plant is an evergreen shrub. To grow tea-plants, at first the seeds are sown in a nursury. Then the plants are transplanted in the mountain slopes. Tea-plants are planted in rows. They are trimmed down and allowed to grow not more than three or four feet high. As a result they become bushy. When the new leaves and buds come out, they are plucked (†Zvjv nq). They are plucked four times a year. Tea leaves are picked up for the first time in spring. It provides the finest tea.
After picking up tea-leaves are dried in the sun. Then they are rolled over by a machine in the factory and the juice is pressed out. After that they are left spreading on the floor until their colour gets changed. They grow dry and black. Then they are moulded and they become ready for use.
Tea is a refreshing drink. It stimulates our energy and removes our exhaustion. It has got much popularity among people of all avenues of life. It has become an item of modest entertainment. Nowadays, guests are entertained with tea.
As tea is a cash-crop of our country, the govt. should take a hand to grow more and quality tea.
WONDERS OF MODERN SCIENCE
We live in an age of science. The present civilization is the gift of modern science. So the modern world cannot go even for a single day without science.
Electricity is the first wonder of science. Science has conquered the forces of nature and brought them to the services of mankind. We cannot think of modern civilization without electricity. It enlightens our houses and streets. Mills and factories cannot work without electricity. In fact, most of the inventions and discoveries of science work through the power of electricity. We cannot live comfortably without the help of electricity. The telegraph, the telephone and the wireless are also the wonderful inventions of science. They send our messages to distant places in the twinkling of an eye. Radio, cinema, television are the wonders of science. We can hear the news of the whole world through the radio set. Both radio and television are good entertainments. The invention of printing press has helped us acquire knowledge and education. In a television we not only hear the voice of the speaker but also see the motion picture from any part of the world just at the same time.
Modern transport system is a gift of science. Rockets and radars can move faster than sound and help us conquer that space. It has released nuclear energy. Now this energy is used not only for manufacturing atom bomb but also for doing well to human beings.
Science has done miracle in the field of medicine by inventing X-ray, radium, penicillin, vaccines, antibiotics, chloroform, ultra-violet ray, etc. Computer is the latest invention of science. It has become a part of every walk of life. The most significant inventions of science are mobile phone and the Internet.
The use of scientific equipment like tractors and power, pumps and application of fertilizer has increased the production tremendously.
All these inventions of science influence our daily life. These blessings of science have made our life easy and comfortable. Science has made the world smaller. Nowadays science has influenced our life so much that we cannot think of a moment without it.
The wonders of science cannot be described in brief. Wherever we go or stay, we find every possible thing done by science. So the wonders of science prevail everywhere.
In human history no other invention of modern science has become so popular and entertaining to the people as the television. It is a popular means of communication. We can easily see the pictures and hear the sound in it in a short time sitting at any corner of the world.
John Bayard, an English scientist invented television is 1928. It was invented as a means of entertainment. It became a reality in 1945 after so many experiments on the subject.
The word television comes from the Latin words ‘tele’ which means distance and ‘vision’ which means sight. So ‘television’ literally means the process by which the distant objects can be seen. It is a receiving box which receives the signals, photos and sounds that a television center or station telecasts. This is done by installing a radio-telephone system. In fine, the television is a system which employs mechanical photo electrical and wireless processes for reproducing scenes, objects, etc. at a distance.
Television is now-a-days a very popular instrument both to the children and to grown up people. It is a popular medium of mass communication. People can enjoy cinema, dramas, novels, songs, different cultural programmes on television. It removes our monotony. It also brings us news and views of sports, politics, war, share market, business, science, etc. It is an effective instrument of entertainment and valuable medium of instruction.
Television has its bad side, too. Children often become addicted to enjoying T.V programmes for all day long. It hampers their education. Besides, some sensational programmes can have harmful effects on the moral life of the people.
Though television has some bad effects, we should use it for better purposes. It is now a part and parcel of our day-to-day life.
THE PRIZE-GIVING DAY AT OUR SCHOOL
A prize-giving day is a day of great joy and enthusiasm to the students and the teachers of a school. On this occasion the school wears a festive look. On this day prizes are given to the students for their good results, attendance and their conducts, and for their special performance in various games and sports. Almost every school organises a prize day to distribute prizes among the students.
The last prize-giving ceremony of our school was held on the 25th February, 2015 in a befitting manner. The school was tastefully decorated with coloured papers, green leaves, flags and festoons and flowers. A big pandal was erected to hold the programme. A nicely carpeted platform was also made for sitting the chief guest, the president of the function and some distinguished guests. The prizes and the medals were arranged on a nicely decorated table. The chief guest’s chair and table were beautifully adorned with colourful flowers. The function was presided over by our Headteacher.
The Honourable Education Minister was the Chief Guest at the function. When he arrived at the function, the Headteacher, some senior teachers and local elites welcomed him with bouquets of flowers. The guardians and the elites of the locality also attended the programme. The volunteers with their distinctive badges were all attention to the guests.
The function began just at 10 a.m. with a recitation from the holy Quran. Then our national song was sung by some of the students. After that our Headteacher read out the annual report of the school describing the gradual progress of the school. Then the main ceremony began. The Headteacher called each recipient by name and the chief guest gave away the prizes to the winners. The winners of the awards were vigorously cheered by all. Then the chief guest delivered a short but instructive speech. He congratulated all the participants, the teachers and the students.
After that a cultural programme was arranged by the students. Some songs and recitations were performed by the students. A one-act play was also staged. All these were highly applaused by the audience.
The function came to an end with a thanks-giving speech of our Headteacher. It was quite an enjoyable day. The memory of the day is still fresh in my mind.
A postman is a person whose job is to collect and deliver letters, parcels, money orders, etc. to the addressees. He is a very known person with his Khaki uniform and a cap on his head. He brings news from our near and dear ones living in home and abroad. He is a most eagerly awaited person to us.
A postman is an employee of the postal department. He is a most familiar figure in a particular area. Everyday he is seen passing through the streets at a particular time. He has a particular area to work there. His day starts with sorting letters, parcels, money orders and making separate bundles out of them for different localities of his area. He puts them into his bag. Then he goes out to deliver the postal articles to the right persons moving from door to door. He takes the signatures of the persons concerned and of the witnesses in cases of delivering registered letters, parcels and money orders.
A postman renders essential services to the people. He is very punctual and dutiful. He performs his duty in good and bad weathers. Carrying a bag on his shoulder, a postman sometimes brings good news and sometimes bad news to us. If he fails to perform his duties properly, it may cause irreparable loss to the persons concerned. A village postman generally delivers the letters or money orders on the market day. He also sells post cards and stamps to the villagers.
A postman plays an important part in our day-to-day life and so he is very dear to the people of his locality. Though he has to walk a long distance everyday and do a heavy duty, he is paid a low salary. So he cannot support his family well. Yet he performs his duty laboriously without any complaint.
As a postman renders a heavy duty, the government should take necessary steps to improve his financial and social status.
MY COUNTRY/OUR COUNTRY
The name of my country is Bangladesh. It is a small low-lying country. But the nature has unfolded its glory in this small rural landscape. It became independent through a great liberation war in 1971. Before that, it experienced British Colonial rule until 1947, followed by an oppressive existence as East Pakistan from 1947 to 1971.
Bangladesh is located in South Asia on the Bay of Bengal. It is surrounded by India on the west, north-west and east side, and by Myanmar on the south-east. The Bay of Bengal is to the south of the country.
The total area of this country is 1,47,570 square kilometres. Most of its land are plain. But it has some hilly areas in the north-east and south-east regions. Its population is about 160 million. Most of them are Muslims and the rest of the people are Hindus, Buddhists and Christians. Besides, there are some tribal races who perform their own religions.
Bangladesh is mainly an agricultural country. About 70 percent people of this country live in villages and agriculture is their main occupation. So the economy of the country depends on agriculture. Jute, rice, tea, sugarcane, fruit, vegetables, spices, wheat, potato, cotton, etc. are the main crops of the country.
Bangladesh is a land of rivers. There are so many big and small rivers and canals in the country. The Padma, the Meghna, the Surma, the Jamuna, The Buriganga, the Korotoa etc. are the main rivers of this country. Most of these rivers rise from the Himalayas and fall into the Bay of Bengal.
This country enjoys six seasons a year the summer, the rainy season, the autumn, the late-autumn, the winter and the spring. Each season presents us its own features. We hear new sounds and enjoy new scenes in each season. It has a tropical monsoon climate.
This country is gifted with diversified natural beauties. The sea-beach of Cox’s Bazar, the Sundarbans, the sea-beach of Kuakata, the Shat Gambuj Mosque of Bagerhat, Sonargaon, the Mahasthangar, etc. are some places of scenic beauty.
The people of Bangladesh are peace-loving. Most of them speak Bangla. English is also used as a second language. Besides, the tribals speak their own language. The people of different religions have been living together in this country in perfect harmony from time immemorial. The excellence of my country remains incomplete unless I say about the quality of hospitality of our people.
THE FLOWERS OF BANGLADESH
Bangladesh is endowed with diversified natural beauties. Flower is one of them. In fact, Bangladesh is a land of flowers. Many kinds of flowers grow in this country all the year round. They keep us aromatic with their sweet scents.
The flowers of Bangladesh vary in size, shape, colour and smell. Some flowers are large and some are small. Some are native and others are exotic. Some flowers smell sweet and some are scentless. Some flowers are liked by their beauty and some are liked by their sweet scents.
Among all the flowers, the rose is called the queen of flowers. It is of various colours such as rosy, red, white, yellow, black, green, etc. The black and the green rose are rarely found. People like it for its beauty and fragrance. It is a winter flower. Marigold and sunflower are also winter flower. They are bright and beautiful.
Some flowers grow on large trees. They are the Krishnachura, the Palash, the Shimul, the Champa, etc. They are the flowers of the spring. They make our surroundings bright and colourful. The Bakul and the Kadamba also grow on large trees. But they indicate the advent of the rainy season.
The Sheuli is another famous flower. It is small in size. It is white and looks very beautiful. It is the queen of autumn. It is also known as Shefali.
The gardenia, the jasmine, the china-rose, the tube-rose, the lotus, the shapla are some of the remarkable flowers of Bangladesh. Lotus and the Shapla grow in watery places. The Shapla is our national flower. It grows in plenty in our country.
Flowers bloom different times of the day. Some flowers bloom at day time and some bloom at night. The Rajanigandha, the Gandharaj, the Bakul and the Jasmine bloom at night. They spread sweet scent at night.
Flowers are the most beautiful objects of nature. People love flowers for their beauty and fragrance. We use flowers for various purposes. Nowadays the demand of flowers is increasing day by day. With the passage of time, the cultivation of flowers is also increasing. Some people are taking flower cultivation as a profession. The government should take a hand to encourage more people to take flower cultivation and selling flower (dzj weµq) as a profession.
FRUITS OF BANGLADESH
Fruits are the gifts of nature. Bangladesh is blessed with various kinds of fruits. They grow in different seasons all over the country.
Fruits are of different kinds, colours, sizes and taste. Some are big and some are small. Some taste sweet and some sour. Whatever may be their size, colour and taste almost all of them are liked by the people.
Among the fruits mango is the most popular. It is very sweet and nutritious. So it is the king of fruits. It grows in plenty in summer. It is of several varieties such as Langra, Fazli, Mohonbhog, Gopalbhog, etc. The best kind of mangoes grows in Rajshahi, Chapainababgonj, Bogra and Dinajpur.
Jackfruit is the biggest of all fruits. It has a thorny (KuvUvhy³) skin. Inside the skin there are many soft juicy cells. It is delicious and sweet. It is the national fruit of Bangladesh.
Coconut is a popular fruit for its cool and sweet water. Its kernel is a tasty food. It grows everywhere in Bangladesh. But it grows in plenty in Barisal, Patuakhali, Noakhali and Khulna.
Lichi is a delicious fruit. It is a summer fruit. The best lichis are available in Dinajpur and Rajshahi.
Papaw is a good fruit. It grows everywhere in Bangladesh in all seasons.
Banana is a popular fruit. It is sweet and nutritious. It is of different kinds such as, Amritsagar, Sobri, Kabri, Agniswar, etc. It is available everywhere in all seasons.
Among other fruits orange, pineapple, palm, blackberries, dates and guavas are worth mentioning.
There are some fruits that taste sour. Among them the kamranga, the tamarind and the lemon are very well-known.
Fruits are very useful in many ways. They are rich (mg„×) in food value. They contain vitamins and mineral salts which help us to keep in good health. Besides, we earn a lot by growing and selling different kinds of fruits.
Bangladesh is a country of good fruits. We are lucky enough to get a great variety of fruits all the year round. The govt. should take proper steps to preserve fruits from being rotten .
RIVERS OF BANGLADESH
Bangladesh is called a riverine country. The Padma, The Meghna, The Jamuna, The Buriganga etc. are the main rivers of Bangladesh. Most of these rivers rise from the Himalayas and fall into the Bay of Bengal.
Some rivers are big and some are small. All the rivers are the source of our wealth. Our agriculture depends on the rivers. Because all these rivers have made the soil fertile. So various kinds of crops grow in plenty here. Rivers help us in irrigation.
Our rivers are a good source of fish. It is an important wealth. Our fishermen catch a huge quantity of fish for their livelihood. Fishermen also earn a lot of foreign exchange) by exporting fish.
The rivers are also used as the waterways. Water-ways are easier, cheaper and more comfortable. Steamers, launches and boats carry men and goods from one part to another in all seasons. Rivers play a significant role in commerce, trade and industry. Most of the towns, cities, trade centres, industries are on the bank of the river. Raw materials and industrials products are carried to different places through these rivers. Some rivers are also used to produce electricity .
Rivers have some demerits also. Sometimes they cause a great damage to our life and property. In the rainy season the rivers overflow their banks and cause flood. They bring untold sufferings to the people.
The rivers have a great influence on the people of our country. Inspite of the little harm, the rivers are useful to us in many ways. They are the source of our health wealth and happiness. So proper steps should be taken to save these rivers as early as possible.
BIRDS OF BANGLADESH
Bangladesh is gifted with many kinds of birds. We do not even know the names of all these birds. They add to the beauty of our country. They are found all over the country. We rise early in the morning hearing the sweet songs of these birds.
The birds are different in colour, shape, size and habit. Their food is also different. They live near our houses in woods, marshy lands and hills.
Of all the birds the crow is the most familiar. It is a cunning bird. It is ugly to look at. It lives on dead animals, rotten and other old things. It is useful to us because it helps to clean up the environment. It is a teasing bird.
Cuckoo is a popular song bird. It heralds the advent of the spring. It sings sweetly. It lives on insects. The other song birds are the shyama, the nightingale, the koel, etc.
Doel is a small bird. It is found everywhere. It looks pretty. It is our ‘National bird’. It sings and raises its tail at the same time. It lives on insects. It is also a song bird.
Mayna is also a popular bird. It is a talking bird. It can imitate human voice. Its voice is very sweet. It lives on insects. The parrot is also a talking bird.
The dove, the pigeon, the snipe, the heron, the teal, the pankauri, etc are known as game birds. They are found everywhere in Bangladesh. They are popular for their flesh.
There are some other birds known as tailor birds. Because they build their nests with great skill. The swallow, the tuntuni, the babui are called tailor birds.
Birds are wonderful gifts of nature. Some birds are very useful to us. Some do us harm. They keep our environment fresh and clean. Some of the birds give us amusements. We eat the flesh and eggs of some birds. They are our important asset . We are really proud of these birds in our country.
FLOODS IN BANGLADESH
Flood is a natural disaster. It occurs due to the overflow of river water. Bangladesh is a low land with many rivers. She also lies in the monsoon region. So flood visits our country almost every year because of excessive rains.
Flood causes for many reasons. Excessive rainfall is the main reasons of flood in our country. Sometimes it rains for several days endlessly. Water overflows the banks of the river and a vast area of land go under water. As a result it causes flood. Flood is also caused by tidal bore from the sea. Sometimes, massive water from the Himalayas rolls down to the rivers and causes flood.
Flood causes a heavy damage to our life and properties. A large part of our country goes under water.
It submerges the corn fields, uproots the trees, and washes away our houses, cattle’s and sheep. Thousands of people become homeless or shelterless. They take shelter on the roof of the buildings, on trees and on boats. Roads and railways are damaged. The communication system is hampered greatly. People suffer from scarcity of pure water. Thousands of people die.
The after effect of floods is more serious. Famine breaks out. Many people die for want of food and pure water. The price of daily necessaries goes up. Many fatal diseases like cholera, typhoid and dysentery etc. break out in an epidemic form because of drinking dirty water.
Floods do a little good to man. It washes away the waste and filth. It carries silt which makes our land fertile to grow good crops.
During and after the flood the relief work should go on. The miseries of the affected people increase. In this time the government and some other voluntary organisations come forward to help the flood affected people.
Some careful steps should be taken to control floods. A good drainage system should be introduced. A large number of sluices and outlets should be made for the easy passing of rain water.
POPULATION PROBLEM OF BANGLADESH
Bangladesh is a densely populated country. The rate of increasing population in Bangladesh is a burning question of the day. Population is an asset for a country. But when a country has a large population more than her capacity to afford food, shelter and other fundamental needs, population becomes a burden for her. Then the population is treated as a problem.
Bangladesh is a small country having an area of 1,47,570 square kilometres. But it is burdened with a large population of about 150 million people. More than one thousand people live in per square kilometre. The population is still increasing at an alarming rate. More than two million people are included in our total population every year. Population growth has come to a form of explosion. The natural wealth and the population are interconnected with each other. But the growth rate is very high than the production of food grain.
Over population is a big problem for our country. It hinders the economic development of our nation. Our climate, weather, geographical condition, early marriage, polygamy, high birth-rate, dogmatism, prejudice, superstition, fundamentalism and God fearing are the factors of over population. Every year a large number of people are added to our population. The additional people need additional foods, shelter, clothes, medicines and other things. It has become difficult for Bangladesh to feed her total population properly. Our land is limited. Increasing population makes habitation on cultivable land. So, our cultivable land is decreasing every year. If we do not control the growth of population, our country will not be able to produce enough crops to feed all.
Population problem begets some other problems. Unemployment problem, poverty, disease, corruption and many other problems are created from over population.
As over population hinders our national prosperity, population growth should be kept under control. Effective family planning can control the population explosion. Our present Government is trying best to control birth rate. For a developing country like ours over population is a curse and a serious problem. So, we all should take a noble view of solving the problems and make a happy and prosperous Bangladesh.